Suvarnaprashan – A Boon for Child

Ayurveda literally meaning ‘science of life’ was originated about 5000 years ago in the Indian subcontinent and has been prevalent in this region since then. Basically there are various methods regarding the diagnosis and treatment of disease in the textbooks of ayurveda. Aim of ayurveda has been described as to cure the disease of healthy person as well as to maintain the health of the healthy person.

As described in modern medicine, the concept of vaccination is also illustrated in the books of ayurveda. It has been described as a simple way of inducing vaccination  as a process of swarna bindu prashan.

The process of swarna bindu prashana was explained in the classical textbook of ayurveda in kashyap samhita by kashyap. The process was a type of immunization  given to the baby at the time.

According to ayurveda, ghruta and madhu mixed in equal quantity acts as visha. This same theory is used in Swarna bindu prashana. Madhu and ghruta in equal doses is given at regular intervals. This develops resistance in the body for any type of visha. In other words it produces immunity.

Kashyap samhita explains about swarna bindu prashan as:

“AAMATHYAA MADHU SARPIBHYAM LEHAYET KANAKAM SHISHUHU

SUWARNAPRASHANAM HYETANMEDAGNI BALAVARDHANAM

AYUSHYAM MANGALAM PUNYAM VRUSHYAM VARNYAM GRAHAPAHAM

MAASAT PARAMA MEDHAVI VYADHIBHIR NA CHA GHRUSHYATE

SHADBHIR MAASAIHI SHRUTADHARAH SUVARNAPRASHANAD BHAVET”

Ka. Su. 18/ 4-5

                  Swarna prashana develops medha (mental ability), agni (digestive power), bala (strength), aayu vardhana(prolonged life span), it is also Mangalakara(brings in good virtues in child, positive attitude in life, optimism, power to overcome mental and physical hardships, good fate), Vrushya(attractive nature and personality), Varnya(tones skin colour), Graha baadha nashaka(voids away associated evils). If swarna prashana is done regularly for 1mth then child becomes extremely intelligent and remains unaffected by any infective diseases,If taken for 6 months regularly then child will be shrutadhara excellent grasping.

          Swarna (Gold) is well acclaimed for its therapeutic efficacy in Ayurveda texts. Both internal and external use of Swarna (Gold) has been prescribed. As a cultural practice, swarna prashan/lehan is very popular in india. In this samskara, swarna Bhasma with herbs like Vacha Churna (Acorus calamus ), Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri) mixed with Honey and ghee is administered to the new born baby for enhancing immunity as well as for intellectual development. All ancient Ayurvedic texts and particularly Kashyap samhita, details of swarna lehan with it therapeutic utility is described. Swarna Prashan is done by various means including raw gold, Swarna Bhasma etc. Studies shows that by classical bhasmikaran process as described in texts of Ayurveda, there is reduction in the particle size of gold to dimension of about 56-57 nm. Analysis of Various experimental studies shows that Swarna Bhasma possesses immunomodulatory, free radical scavenging activity, antistress activity and analgesic activity. Toxicity study shows that chronic administration of Swarna Bhasma is non toxic as judged by various laboratory and histological parameters.

However, scientific evidences regarding the safety and efficacy of Swarna prashan in pediatric practice is lacking and hence this practice should be avoided or used with utmost caution.

In Ayurvedic literature gold is used both externally and internally for therapeutic purposes. Externally Swarna dharana (wearning of gold ornaments) is considered pious and mainly use in grahabadha. Internally it is either in the form of rubbed gold (Vidhrisya dhoute drishadi), incinerated gold or Swarna Bhasma, Swarna Lavana (Described in Rasatarangini) or swarna vark (Mostly used in Unani system of medicine).

Traditionally Swarna Prashan is done as cultural practice in India. Mainly after delivery raw gold is rubbed on a stone with the help of little amount of water and is administered along with honey and ghee. In some places, Swarna Bhasma is administered to newborn babies along with drugs like Vacha Churna (Acorus calamus ), Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri), Madhu (Honey) etc. It is the matter of curiosity to all that is there really any benefit of this cultural practice or just it is another mass euphoria. The research on the effects of internal administration of swarna is very less. Very few published papers are there which suggest the pharmacology of Swarna Prashan.

The procedure to Swarna Lehan, is described in Kashyap Samhita in much detail. It is mentioned that, keeping face towards east, gold should be rubbed on a washed stone with a little quantity of water. Then it should be churned with Honey and Ghrita and should be given to the child for licking. Kashyapa opines that feeding of gold increases intellect, digestive and metabolic power, strength, gives long life; is auspicious, virtuous, aphrodisiac, increases complexion and eliminates the evil effects of grahas. Further it has been mentioned that by feeding the gold for one month, the child becomes extremely intelligent and is not attacked by the diseases and by using for six months, is able to retain what-so-ever he/she hears. Sushruta and Vagbhat have prescribed gold along with various drugs to the newborn child immediately after birth. Sushruta has advised its use after emesis of liquor-amnii, but before massage4 and bath while Vagbhata has indicated it after massage and bath but before emesis5 The drugs prescribed by Vagbhat is advised to be given through spoon made of gold. The basic concept of this gold licking is entirely different as it is used only once in Jatakarma Samskara performed just after birth. Sushruta and Vagbhat have further prescribed four gold preparations for prolonged use.

Swarna prashana develops medha (mental ability), agni (digestive power), bala (strength), aayu vardhana(prolonged life span), it is also Mangalakara(brings in good virtues in child, positive attitude in life, optimism, power to overcome mental and physical hardships, good fate), Vrushya(attractive nature and personality), Varnya(tones skin colour), Graha baadha nashaka(voids away associated evils). If swarna prashana is done regularly for 1mth then child becomes extremely intelligent and remains unaffected by any infective diseases,If taken for 6 months regularly then child will be shrutadhara excellent grasping.

Ingredients Of Swarna Bindu:

1. Suddha medhya ausandhi siddha ghritha(ghee fortified with medhya drugs)

2. Suddha swarna bhasma(gold bhasma)

3. Suddha madhu(honey)

IMPORTANCE Of SUDDHA MADHU:

Madhu is collection of pollen grains by bees. In day today life it is observed that pollen grains acquire a great percentage in producing allergic reactions leading to many diseases. The main reason for using madhu in Swarna bindu prashana is that when madhu is administered in low doses in childhood itself then child gradually develops resistance for allergens and it remains unaffected by allergens. Honey has some of its flower properties nourish mind, nerves, senses, immune system, ojas , external—burns, wounds, sores, eyes. It acts as a medium for the absorption of drugs. So, it has been used extensively as a anupan with drugs.

IMPORTANCE OF SHUDDHA SWARNA BHASMA

Suvarna is one of the best medhya dravya explained in ayurveda. Kashyapacharya has explained about the use of suvarna in lehana karma. Being metal suvarna(gold) cannot be administered directly into body as a medicine. So, for this the suvarna is processed through the special procedure for making suvarna bhasma which is used as a drug. This suvarna bhasma is easy for absorption and assimilation .It is also medha vardhaka ie enhances the memory. So,when it is administered in very low doses for a particular time it is known to potentiate the memory power along with immunity.

Animal Research conducted on swarna bhasma showed the use of swarna bhasma in dose of 12.5 to 50 mg/kg body on mice weight had an stimulatory effect on peritoneal macrophages, that might be helpful to fight against infection. It was believed that macrophages achieved stimulation  due to presentation of the metal to cells in fine emulsified forms.Similarly, it was also found that swarna bhasma had a restorative effect and had no any toxic effect to the liver and kidney at therapeutic dose.

IMPORTANCE OF SHUDDHA MEDHYAUSHADHI SIDDHA GHRUTA

Ghruta has the unique property of acquiring the gunas of dravyas which are added to it. Medhyaushadhis like manduka parni, brahmi, guducchi , yashtimadhu, vacha etc are added to ghruta and according to the procedure it is prepared. This ghruta is useful in potentiating the mental ability.

Indication Of Swarna Prashan:

• All the Children are of age group of 1 day to 5 years.

• Children with low Immunity.

• Children with low Intellect.

• Children with low Memory Power.

• Children with learning difficulties.

Contradictions

• Children suffering from fever.

• Children suffering from dysentery.

• Children suffering from diarrhea.

• Children suffering from Indigestion.

Duration Of Swarna Prashan:

It should be done minimum for 6 months to 1 year.

Dose Of Suvarnaprashan:

Kashyapa clearly mentioned about dose of drugs in children. So according to this,dose is 1st month of baby age – 1 vidanga phal & then increase 1 vidanga phala matra on every month. The suvarnaprashan is done mainly on pushya nakshetra.

Effects Of Swarna Prashan

According to the Kashyap Samhita:

By swarna prashana child develops medha (mental ability), agni (digestive power), bala, aayu vardhana, it is also mangalakara, punya, vrushya, varnya, ghuha baadha nashaka. If swarna prashana is done for 1 month then child will be parama medhavi, remains unaffected by vyadhi. If done for 6 months then child will be shruta dhara ( remembers what he hears).

In short the effect of swarna prashan can be illustrated as below:

1.Immunity Enhancer/ increaseimmunity : Suvarnaprashan increases the immunity of body increase the resistance of the body against infections.

2.Enchane/Physical Development : Suvarnaprashan makes child physically strong.

3.Memory Booster : Suvarnaprashan increases develop child’s grasping power, Sharpness and recall memory.

4.Active and Intellect: Increases the intelligence of child.

5.Digestive Power : SuvarnaPRASHAN is a best appetizer and have digestive properties also.

6.Tone ups skin color: Suvarnaprashan increases attractiveness.

Disclaimer :- The information any where in this blog is based on literature available in ancient books, clinical studies as well as the scientific researches on GARBHSANSKAR. It is strictly advised to consult his/her family doctor, physician or gynecologist before practically implicating or following any matter or suggestion,  anywhere in the blog – for herself/himself or any one concerened.

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